Yoga, Kemampuan Kognitif, dan Konsumsi Ikan

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Berikut ini adalah beberapa abstrak yang menarik dari Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (JGKI) Volume 14, Nomor 4, April 2018. Untuk daftar isi lengkap edisi tersebut dapat dilihat pada link ini.

 

Latihan yoga terhadap berat badan, persen lemak tubuh, dan lingkar perut pada wanita dewasa overweight

Putri Nur Fatimah, Fillah Fithra Dieny, Etisa Adi Murbawani, Ahmed Fahmy Arif Tsani

Background: Obesity caused diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Yoga considered three aspects, physic, emotion and mental that helped in obesity therapy.

Objective: This research aimed to explain the influence of yoga excercise on body weight, percent of body fat, waist circumference and waist to hip ratio (WHR) in overweight women.

Method: This research applied quasi experiment design by using pre-post test with control group design. The subjects of research were 31 women aged 19-25 years old and divided into 2 groups, treatment group and control group. Treatment group was prepared to do yoga in 60 minutes for 10 times during 20 days and given nutrition education, whereas control group was given nutrition education only. Data body weight and percentage of body fat were measured by bioimpedance analysis; waist circumference and WHR were measured by tape measures; food intake were assessed by food recall and food frequency questionnaire. Data were analyzed using paired t-test and independent t-test.

Results: There was a significant difference of body weight before and after intervention in both groups. The body weight on treatment group decreased by 0.81 ± 1.29 kg (p<0.05), while the body weight on the control group increased. Percentage of body fat and waist circumference decreased on both of groups, however treatment group decreased more than the control group. WHR no significant on both of groups. Yoga excercise resulted no significant influences on body weight, percentage of body fat, waist circumference and WHR in overweight women (p>0.05).

Conclusion: Obesity women with 10 times yoga had no significant influences on body weight, percentage of body fat, waist circumference and WHR.

Faktor nutrisi lansia indonesia stroke yoga

Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kemampuan kognitif pada lansia obesitas di Indonesia

Yoseph Leonardo Samodra, Neni Trilusiana Rahmawati, Sumarni Sumarni

Background: Elderly (>60 years old) population is growing in Indonesia. It is important to prevent degradation of cognitive capacity by risk factor identification and treatment.

Objective: To identify the relationship between anthropometric status and cognitive capacity on elderly population.

Method: This is an analysis of The Fifth Wave of the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS5) data with cross-sectional design. Anthropometric status is consisted of: body weight, body height, body mass index (BMI), knee height, upper arm length, waist circumference, hip circumference, and waist-hip ratio (WHR). Cognitive capacity is measured by modified telephone survey of cognitive status (TICS). Chi-Square and Mann-Whitney test are used for bivariate analysis, logistic regression is used for multivariate analysis.

Results: Variables with significant relationship to cognitive capacity are body weight (p=0.0002), body height (p=0.0001), knee height (p=0.0387), upper arm length (p=0.0114), age (p=0.011), sex (p=0.014), and history of hypercholesterolemia (p=0.003). Logistic regression shows that body height, age, and history of hypercholesterolemia are simultaneously affecting cognitive capacity.

Conclusion: There is significant relationship between body height, body weight, upper arm length, knee height, and cognitive capacity on elderly population with obesity.

 

Konsumsi ikan bersifat protektif terhadap diagnosis stroke pada orang yang pernah terdiagnosis hipertensi di Indonesia

Arif Rahmat Kurnia, Martalena Br. Purba, I Made Alit Gunawan

Background: Stroke is a burdensome disease. The prevalence of stroke has increased by 16% over the last 6 years. The biggest risk factor for stroke is hypertension, but consumption of animal products such as meat, fish, eggs, and milk is often associated with the onset of stroke.

Objective: To examine the relationship between the frequencies of animal products consumption to the incidence of stroke in 2014/2015 on hypertensive people in 2007/2008.

Method: This research was using case control design performed by analyzing longitudinal data derived from Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) 4 and 5 (2007/2008 and 2014/2015). The population of this study was Indonesian aged over 40 years who have been diagnosed with hypertension in IFLS 4.

Results: The results of bivariate analysis using Chi Square test and Fisher’s exact test found that the variables significantly associated with stroke diagnosis in IFLS 5 were IFLS 5 fish consumption (p=0.027; OR=0.47); IFLS 4 milk consumption (p=0.04; OR=2.97); IFLS 5 hypertension diagnosis (p=0.006; OR=4.03); IFLS 4 diabetes mellitus diagnosis (p=0.033;OR=8.91); and IFLS 5 diabetes mellitus diagnosis (p=0.041; OR=3.73), also IFLS 5 physical activity (p=0.00; OR=0.34).

Conclusion: Fish consumption of 2 – 7 days per week and adequate physical activity is associated with a decreased risk of stroke in a population that has been diagnosed with hypertension. Daily milk consumption, hypertension diagnosis, and diabetes mellitus diagnosis may increase the risk of stroke.

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